Prescription Drugs And DUI Challenges To Prosecution Safeguards For Suspects
Drivers suspected of driving under the influence of alcohol are closely observed by law enforcement for any indication of intoxication. Police officers often initiate traffic stops for minor traffic violations in order to speak with the driver of the vehicle and look for signs of intoxication.
If an officer detects an odor of alcohol when interviewing the driver, field sobriety and breathalyzer tests are likely forthcoming. Field sobriety tests are often administered incorrectly and the results can be skewed by an officer’s preconceived notions about a driver’s sobriety. In most cases, the field sobriety tests create further suspicion and the driver is taken to the police station for blood testing or urinalysis.
What if an officer suspects a driver of driving under the influence of prescription drugs? Objective indications of drug intoxication are less apparent than some external suggestions of drunkenness. Police and highway patrol do not have well-developed methods for testing a person for Xanax, Valium, Ativan, Oxycodone, Percocet or other opiates. Quantifying the amount of a substance is ultimately crucial to providing legal proof that the suspect was operating an automobile while in an impaired state.
As in all criminal matters, OVI, DUI and DWI prosecutors must prove their case beyond a reasonable doubt. An objective measure of a driver’s blood-alcohol content can be held up against the statutory threshold of intoxication (in Ohio, that means .08 percent or above). Other drugs such as marijuana, heroin and cocaine are subject to assessment of metabolites and other quantifiable measures. But so-called drugged driving cases involving prescription drugs are often more dependent on an officer’s subjective observations of the driver’s condition.
Enlisting a DUI Lawyer to Protect Your Rights
An attorney’s job in any intoxicated driving case is to protect the client by holding the prosecution to their burden of proof. One important strategy is to closely review the officer’s report of field sobriety test administration and look for indications that the tests were improperly conducted or subject to distractions. Many times, the drugs a driver is accused of abusing were legally prescribed by a physician and were taken for legitimate ailments. Even in cases where the prosecution has objective evidence of a driver’s intake of a prescription drug, an attorney may be able to convince the court that a driver’s ability was not seriously affected.